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Genoa Water ordinance

Ordinance No. 960110: Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority Water Use and Rate Ordinance

The Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority Ordains:


This Ordinance shall be known as the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority Water Use and Rate Ordinance.



The purpose of this Ordinance is to establish standards, rules and regulations concerning the use of the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority Water System: to provide for the rates and charges for the connection to, and use of the System.

1. Definitions


For the purposes of this Ordinance, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section unless the context in which they are used specifically indicates otherwise.

1.2 AWWA

"AWWA" - American Water Works Association

1.3 Commercial User

"Commercial User" shall mean any user of the System other than a residential user, or buildings used primarily as a domicile.

1.4 Commodity Charge

"Commodity Charge" shall mean a variable unit charge payable by a user based on the actual water consumption as determined in this Ordinance.

1.5 Consumer

"Consumer" - The person, or legal entity, served by or using water supplied by the Authority.

1.6 Consumer's Installation

"Consumer's installation" - All pipes, valves, stops, plumbing, and contrivances of every kind and nature used in connection with, or forming a part of, the consumer's installation for using water for any purpose, connected directly or indirectly with the corporation stop at the main.

1.7 Corporation Stop

"Corporation stop" - A valve which is inserted into the main for the connection of the water supply service pipes in sizes up to and including two inches in diameter.

1.8 Cross Connection

"Cross Connection" - Shall mean a connection or arrangement of piping or appurtenances through which water of questionable quality, wastes or other contaminants could possibly flow back into the Water Distribution System because of a reversal of flow.

1.9 Curb Box

"Curb Box" - A box or metal housing which encloses, protects and provides access to the curb stop.

1.10 Curb Stop

"Curb Stop" - A valve for insertion in the service pipes, in size of three-fourths inch (3/4") to two inches (2") in diameter, inclusive, at or near the curb line.

1.11. Department

"Department" - The division of water distribution of the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority.

1.12. Director

"Director" - Shall mean the Director of Public Works or his authorized representative. The Director is the person designated by the Authority to supervise the operation of the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority Water System.

1.13 Inspector

"Inspector" - The Livingston County Plumbing inspector or his designee or the inspector for the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority.

1.14 Lot

"Lot" - Shall mean a parcel of land occupied or intended to be occupied by a main building. A lot may or may not be specifically designated as such on public records.

1.15 Meter Box

"Meter Box" - Any approved box or vault for the housing of water meter.

1.16 Permittee

"Permittee" - A consumer or his agent receiving a permit from the Authority allowing a connection to be made to the water system.

1.17 Person

"Person" - Shall mean any individual, firm, partnership, association, public or private corporation or public agency or instrumentality or any other entity receiving water service.

1.18 Premises

"Premises" - Shall mean each lot or parcel of land or building having any connection to the Water System.

1.19 Revenues

"Revenues" - Whenever the words "revenues" and "net revenues" are used in this ordinance, they shall be understood to have the meanings as defined in Section 3, Act 94, Public Acts of Michigan, 1933 as amended.

1.20 Service Cock

"Service Cock" - A valve for installation in water service pipes, located at or near the main.

1.21 Service Control Valve Box

"Service Control Valve Box" - A box or metal housing which encloses, protects and provides access to the service control valve.

1.22 Stop and Waste Valve

"Stop and Waste Valve" - A valve installed at the termination of the water supply service pipe of three fourths inch (3/4") and one inch (1") sizes, and at the beginning of the consumer's installation.

1.23 System

"System" - Shall mean Water System.

1.24 Tap

"Tap" - The drilling and threading of an opening in a main for insertion of a corporation stop.

1.25 Authority

"Authority" shall mean the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority, a Michigan Municipal Corporation.

1.26 Authority Board

"Authority Board" - Shall mean the governing body of the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority.

1.27 Water Connection

"Water Connection" - Shall mean that part of the Water Distribution System connecting the water main to a point terminating at a meter or meter pit or vault.

1.28 Water Service Pipe

"Water Service Pipe" - Shall mean that pipe connecting the water main with the premises served. This includes the connection to the water main or the corporation cock, the shutoff valve, and the valve on the inlet side of the meter.

1.29 Water Distribution System

"Water Distribution System" - Shall mean the entire system for distribution of potable water in the geographic area of the Authority's system.

1.30 Water Main

"Water Main" - Shall mean that part of the Water Distribution System located within easement lines or streets and designed to supply more than one water connection.

1.31 Water System

"Water System" - Shall be understood to mean the complete facilities of the Authority's Water Supply System including all wells, well houses, pumps, water storage facilities, and transmission lines, including all appurtenances thereto and including all extensions and improvements thereto, which may hereafter be acquired. It shall also consist of all plants, works, instrumentalities, lines and properties now or hereafter existing, used or useful in obtaining of a water supply, its treatment, distribution, and all other necessary functions, whether such installation is owned outright or used under lease or otherwise, by the consumer. The system may be comprised of separate facilities located in separate water supply districts.

2. Provisions Deemed Incorporated in all Contracts

2.1 Contract for Service

All provisions and sections of this ordinance about the Authority's Water System(s) and sale and use of water and/or amendments or additions which may be subsequently adopted, shall be considered a part of the contract with every person that is supplied with water through the water system of the Authority, and every person by taking water shall be considered to express his consent to be bound thereby, and whenever any provision or section of this ordinance about the water system is violated, the water may be cut off from the building or place of violation at the discretion of the Authority Board and shall not be turned on again except on correction of the violation and payment of the expenses of shutting off and turning on.

2.2 Save Harmless Clause

The consumer shall indemnify, save harmless and defend the Authority against all claims, demands, cost or expense for loss, damage or injury to persons or property in any manner, directly or indirectly, growing out of the transmission and use of water by the consumer from water service pipes installed by the consumer on the consumer's premises.

3. Administration / Management

3.1 Establishment of a Public Utility

It is hereby determined to be desirable and necessary for the public health, safety and welfare of the property owners in the Authority that the Authority's Water System be operated on a public utility rate basis.

3.2 Supervision and Control

The operation and management of the System, shall be under the immediate supervision and control of the Authority Board.

3.3 Rights

The Authority has the exclusive right to establish, maintain, and collect rates and charges for water supply service from the water system. The Authority Board may make such rules, orders or regulations as it deems advisable and necessary to assure the efficient management and operation of the System. The Authority may employ such person or persons in such capacity or capacities as it deems advisable to carry out the efficient management and operation of the system.

3.4 Operating Year

The system operation shall be based on an operating fiscal year commencing on October 1 and ending on the last day of September 30 the next following.

3.5 Compliance with State and Federal Standards and Regulations

Standards and regulations established in this Ordinance or pursuant hereto are deemed to be the minimum standards consistent with the preservation of the public health, safety and welfare and are necessary to fulfill the obligations of the Authority concerning State and Federal Law and the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto.

3.6 Additional Regulations

The Authority Board may by resolution make additional rules and regulations concerning the Water Distribution System, connections thereto, meter installation and maintenance, hydrants and water mains and appurtenances thereto, which are not inconsistent herewith.

3.7 Restricting Water Use

The Authority Board may regulate, limit or prohibit the use by a consumer of the authority's supplied water for any purpose. Such regulations may limit use of water by a consumer to the extent deemed necessary to assure an adequate supply for essential needs and for fire fighting.

4. Authority's Liability Exemption


The Authority shall not be responsible for interruptions of service because of natural calamities, equipment failures, or actions of the system users. It shall be the responsibility of the consumer that all connected equipment remain in good working order. No claim or cause of action may be asserted against the Authority by reason of the breaking away of any pipe, service cock, or for any other interruption of the water supply.


The Authority shall not be liable for any expense incurred by a permittee in locating mains, services, curb stops, and water records.

5. Access

5.1 Inspection

The Director and other duly authorized representatives of the Authority bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter upon all properties served by the water system at reasonable times for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing to determine compliance with the provisions of this Ordinance. Any person who requests water supply and/or receives water from the Water System under this Ordinance shall be deemed to have consented to inspections pursuant to this section, including entrance upon such person's property at reasonable times to make inspections.

5.2 Meter Reader Access

Any duly authorized agent or employee of the Authority shall have access to the consumer's premises at all reasonable hours for the purpose of reading meters, inspections, doing repairs or installing or removing any or all Authority owned apparatus used for providing service to the consumer.

6. Use

6.1 Consumers Use of the Water System

Any person owning property within a water supply district established by the Authority and conforming to the standards, rules and regulations established in or under terms of this Ordinance shall be permitted to receive water, as long as it is available, from the water system provided necessary water supply lines are in existence and abutting the consumer's property.

  • 6.1.1 Required Connection. Each residential, commercial, or industrial premise and/or each new structure built, other than sheds, residential garages, and/or additions to existing structures, abutting the System or contained within the Authority's Water District within the Authority's geographic area, shall be required to connect to the System within sixty (60) days of delivery of notice to do so.
  • 6.1.2 Turning On Water Service. No person other than an authorized employee of the Authority shall turn on or turn off any water service at the curb stop.
  • 6.1.3 Turning Off Service. The Authority reserves the right to terminate service to a consumer, after due notice has been given where payment for water supply has not been timely received, and/or for violation of this ordinance or any rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto. The Authority, may shut off the water in any main to make repairs or extensions, or for any other necessary purpose at any time without notice to consumers.
  • The consumer shall maintain all service pipes free from leaks at all times. Whenever a leak appears in a consumer's installation, which allows water to escape without registering upon the meter, the Authority shall give the consumer written notice thereof and the consumer shall immediately proceed to repair such service pipe. If such repairs have not been completed within 48 hours after notice has been given, the Authority may stop the service by shutting off the water at the curb stop or by excavating to and closing or by the corporation stop. The costs incurred by the Authority of excavating and shutting off such service shall be paid by the consumer or by the owner of the property before service is restored. If, in the determination of the Authority, any leak on the consumer's installation is of such nature that endangers public safety or constitutes a nuisance or a source of waste, the Authority may shut off or stop such service until such leak is repaired.
  • 6.1.4 Change of Consumer. When premises are to be vacated or if there is a change of owner, occupant or agent, prompt written notice shall be given to the authority's office. The consumer may discontinue service by giving not less than 24 hours written notice to the Authority's office during its regular office hours.
  • 6.1.5 Outside Service Connection. Water main extensions, and domestic water connections to premise outside of water districts are prohibited, except where approved by the Authority Board.
  • 6.1.6 Water Extensions. The total expense of extending water mains shall be borne by the benefited property owners in accordance with provisions of a contract or by special assessments levied by the Authority in accordance with State law.

6.2 Connection Permits Required; Applications; Deposits; Contents

  • 6.2.1 Application. Any person desiring to connect to the water system shall file a written application to the Authority's Chairperson and pay the water connection fee established by resolution of the Authority Board. The applicant shall submit plans and specifications as required by the authority director detailing the water system, including but not limited to all meters, lines, valves, sprinklers and attachments. The cost of review and Inspection shall be borne by the applicant.
  • 6.2.2 Permit Required. No person in the Authority's district shall connect to the water system unless the proposed connection has been approved by the Authority or its designated representative. Such application shall be made on forms provided by the Authority and shall contain the street name, house number, lot number, the name of the plumber or contractor, the names of the applicant and the owner, the size of the service pipe required by the consumer, and any other pertinent information which may be required by the Authority. An application must be made and approval obtained from the Authority at least twenty-four (24) hours before the time a tap is to be made.
    • Builders. Connection permits will be issued to Builders if the prospective lessee or owner consents in writing to the obtaining of such permit by the Building.
  • 6.2.3 Water connections and Authority approved water meter shall be installed in accordance with the applicable building code and the regulations of this Ordinance and upon the payment of the required charges and fees.
  • 6.2.4 The Consumer shall install the water meter at his own expense.
  • 6.2.5 The expense of water pipe installation shall be paid by the applicant.

6.3 Use on One Connection; Limitation

  • 6.3.1 Unless written approval is granted by the Authority, separate premises shall have separate curb stops, service pipe installations, and shall be separately metered.
  • 6.3.2 Whenever water is to be supplied to more than one consumer located in a single building and supplied through one service, the property owner shall be responsible for the payment of water bills.
  • 6.3.3 In no event shall a consumer extend service pipes or plumbing across any public way, or to an adjacent property in order to furnish service thereto, even though such adjacent property be owned by him.

6.4 Existing Private Wells

  • 6.4.1 Construction of private wells in established water service districts where municipal water is available is prohibited.
  • 6.4.2 Private water wells that are located within a water supply district and are in operation prior in time to the establishment of the water supply district shall be abandoned by the property owner in accordance with procedures established by the Livingston County Health Department prior to connection to the Authority's Water System.

7. System Prohibitions

No person in the Authority District shall:


Willfully, negligently, or maliciously break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with or alter, any structure, property, appurtenance, equipment or any other item which is part of the Water System.


Remove any water meter, water pipe, other water equipment or tools.


Prevent or circumvent a water meter from measuring water supplied by the water system.


Fraudulently obtain water from the water system, or to waste water from the water system.

8. Enforcement

8.1 Penalties

Any person found to be violating any provision of this Ordinance shall be served with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations. Any person convicted of a violation of any provision of this Ordinance, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500, or by imprisonment of not more than 90 days or both such fines and imprisonment in the discretion of the court.


A violation of this Ordinance is also declared to be a public nuisance and the Authority may enforce same by injunction or other civil remedy, including the right to correct the violation and recover the costs of obtaining the necessary correction from the owner or person in charge of the premises therefore.

9. Established of Rates

9.1 Purpose of Charges

  • 9.1.1 Charges for the installation and use of the Water System are hereby established to recover the costs of administration, construction, reconstruction, maintenance of said system as are necessary to preserve the same in good working order, operation and replacement of the system, and to provide for the payment of any debt service obligations of the Authority as the same becomes due. Such charges shall be made in accordance with the provisions hereinafter set forth and shall be made against all premises which use the System.
  • 9.1.2 Establishment of Rates. The rates for water service charges are to be established by resolution of the Authority Board, and may be established separately from time to time as necessary to ensure sufficiency of revenues in meeting the expenses of the water system. Rates need not be uniform for the separate water supply district.
  • 9.1.3 Publication. Following approval by the Authority Board of the rates to be charged for the water service under this Ordinance, the rate schedule shall be published. Said notice is to be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the authority within thirty (30) days following approval by the Authority Board.
  • 9.2 Commodity Charge. All the water use of residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers connected to the System shall be measured by meter and the consumers shall be charged a commodity charge for water usage.
  • 9.2.2 Readiness to Service Charge. Consumers of the Water System shall be charged a readiness to service charge. All consumers of the Water System, whether residential or nonresidential, shall be charged a flat rate based on anticipated water supply demand.
  • 9.2.3 Connection Charge. The Authority shall charge and the consumer shall pay as a precondition to connecting to the water mains of the System, a connection charge and a charge for the water meter. Said charges shall be paid at the time that an application for permission to connect to the water mains of the System is requested.
  • 9.2.4 Special Service Charges. The Authority may charge its customers and the customers shall pay for special services for which a rate shall be established.
  • 9.2.5 The Cost of Turn On/Off Charges. The Authority may establish a charge to the customer, and the customer shall pay the charge whenever the authority is requested to turn water services on or off; provided, however, that whenever the Authority is requested to provide turn on or off service at times other than the regular business hours of the Authority, the charge will be made on time and material basis. The established fee to turn water on shall be charged to a customer whose service has been disconnected because of non-payment of a charge or fee due the Authority.

10. Payment for Use of the System

10.1 Responsibility for Payment

  • 10.1.1 The owner of the premises served by the water system shall be liable to the Authority for any charges and fees authorized to be charged by this ordinance.
  • 10.1.2 When a single water service pipe serves two (2) or more consumer units, the owner of the premises shall be responsible for payment of water used on the premises.
  • 10.1.3 The owner of the premises as well as any user of the water System at the premises shall be responsible to reimburse the Authority for any and all administrative costs and fees incurred by the Authority arising out of the use of "Miss Dig" services at the premises.

10.2 Billing, Collections and Customers Payments

  • 10.2.1 Meter Reading. Meters shall be read quarterly and annually as deemed necessary.
  • 10.2.2 Bills. The Authority shall render bills for water service and all other charges in connection therewith. Bills for water service shall be sent to consumers by first class mail.
  • 10.2.3 Quarterly water bills for users of the System shall be based on metered water consumption as set forth in the rate resolution.
  • 10.2.4 Due Date of Charges. All bills shall be payable by the due date specified on the bills, and shall be paid at the office of the Authority in person or by mail.
  • 10.2.5 Collections. The Authority Treasurer shall collect all monies due for water service and all other charges in connection with the water system.
  • 10.2.6 Late Charges. If any charge for the services of the water which has been billed to a customer of the water system, shall not be paid on or before the due date specified on the bill, a delayed payment charge of ten per cent (10%) of the amount of the bill shall be added thereto and collected therewith.
  • 10.2.7 Unpaid Bills. If any bills for the service of the system shall remain unpaid after 30 days following the due date specified on the bill therefore, the water supply for the lot, parcel of land, or premise affected may be cut off and if cut off shall not be turned on again except on payment in full of the delinquent charges therefore, and the fee charged for resumption of service. The Authority shall send a notice to its customers of intent to terminate service. If payment is not received, or satisfactory arrangements have not been made within seven (7) days after the shut off notice is sent to the consumer, the water service shall be shut off. No water service that has been discontinued because of non-payment shall be restored until all past due bills are paid or satisfactory arrangements for such payment are made.
  • 10.2.8 Non Receipt of Bill. Failure of the consumer to receive any bill shall not relieve him/her of the liability for the charges incurred, and the consumer shall notify the Authority Chairman if a bill has not been received by the 15th day of the end of a billing period.
  • 10.2.9 Charges to Become a Lien Upon Premises. The Authority shall have as security for the collection of water supply rates, assessments or charges due or to become due for the use and installation, repair, or maintenance to any house building, or premises, a lien upon the building or premises, lot or lots, upon which the water system service was supplied. This lien shall become effective immediately upon the providing of the water system service to the premises or property supplied.
    • The lien created by this ordinance shall have priority over all other liens except taxes or special assessments. The lien created by this ordinance shall not apply if a written lease has been legally executed containing a provision that the lessor shall not be liable for payment of water use charges, providing the lease was executed prior to the supply of water for which the charges are made and providing that the lessor has filed an affidavit with the Authority Chairman verifying the execution of a lease containing such provision. The lessor shall give the Authority twenty days advance written notice of any cancellation, change, or termination of the lease. The affidavit shall contain a notation of the expiration date of the lease.
    • Charges for water services which are under the provisions of Section 21, Act 94, Public Acts of Michigan, 1933, as amended, shall be made a lien on all premises served thereby. The charges for water furnished to any premises are hereby recognized to constitute such lien and whenever any such charge against any piece of property or premise shall be delinquent for six month, or more, that fact shall be certified on March 1st of each year, to the tax assessing officer of the Authority. Whereupon such charge shall be by him entered upon the next tax roll as a charge against such piece of property or premises and the charges shall be collected and the lien thereof enforced in the same manner as general property taxes against such premises.

11. Meters

11.1 Meters Required: Use

  • 11.1.1 All Authority water used on any premises must pass through a water meter. Any bypass between the meter and the main is prohibited.
  • 11.1.2 All premises using Authority water shall be metered and shall pay for water at the rates specified.
  • 11.1.3 Water meters shall be obtained from the Authority.
  • 11.1.4 All water meters existing and installed before the adoption of this Ordinance shall be maintained at the expense of the property owner and/or tenant.
  • 11.1.5 Each water meter shall be served by its own water connection and water service pipe unless another system incorporating exterior valves to control water flow to each meter is approved by the Authority.

11.2 Water Meters; Type; Size Determination

  • 11.2.1 Unless otherwise authorized by the Authority, all meters shall be of the disc type.
  • 11.2.2 All meters shall be under the control of the Authority and shall be equipped with an instrument capable of being remotely connected and read away from the meter itself. Such instrument shall be installed on the exterior of the building as directed by the Authority.
  • 11.2.3 All new inside meters will require remote registers, or remote telephonic reporting as the Authority's Board specify.
  • 11.2.4 Size. When requesting connection to the Water System, the consumer shall furnish information about the amount of contemplated water supply demand and the Authority shall determine the size and type of meter to be installed.
    • For usual single family domestic use and consumption of water, a ¾ inch meter shall be installed by the consumer.
    • For multiple dwelling the meter size shall be one inch for 2 to 4 dwellings and 1½ inch for 5 to 10 dwellings.
    • Except as stated above, where an application is made for a meter larger than ¾ inch the Authority shall determine whether a meter of such size is required or authorized.

11.3 Water Meters; Installation; Location; Regulations

  • 11.3.1 Meters shall be installed in readily accessible location and in a manner satisfactory to the Authority.
  • 11.3.2 A meter shall not be installed in a place where it cannot be readily reached by the meter reader.
  • 11.3.3 All meters shall be installed horizontally in dry, clean, sanitary location and in such places that small leaks and the spilling of water will do no damage.
  • 11.3.4 All meters shall be in a suitable location to prevent the pipes and meters from freezing in cold weather.
  • 11.3.5 If a suitable and readily accessible location is provided in a dry basement sufficiently well heated to prevent freezing of the meter during the winter, the meter may be placed in the basement, if the Director so allows.
  • 11.3.6 Where the premises contains no basements or cellar, the meter shall be installed in a location which shall be approved by the Director.
    • Where it is necessary to install the meter in a pit inside a building, such pit shall be built as directed by the Authority.
    • With Director approval and when a sump pump or drain is provided, meters may be installed below grade line in a brick or first floor meter pit.
    • All meter pits shall be of brick or concrete, built in accordance with specifications furnished by the Authority, with cover openings directly over meters.

11.4 Failure to Register; Water Usage; Amount

  • 11.4.1 Estimated Consumption. If any meter or metering system fails to register properly or if a meter is inaccessible for reading, the department shall estimate consumption based on former consumption.
  • 11.4.2 Should a meter become defective or fail to register correctly, the quantity of water used shall be determined by the amount used during the corresponding period of the preceding year, or at the option of the Authority, by averaging the amount for the period immediately preceding and subsequent to the period wherein the meter registered quantities of water usage.

11.5 Water Meters; Test, Inspections

  • 11.5.1 The accuracy of the meter on any premises will be tested by the Authority upon written request of the owner and/or user who shall pay in advance a fee to cover the cost of the test. If on such test, the meter shall be found to register over three percent more water that passes through it, another meter will be substituted therefore, and the fee will be refunded, and the water bill will be adjusted from the preceding and current billing periods.

11.6 Meter Repairs

  • 11.6.1 The expense of maintaining meters will be borne by the Authority.

11.7 Meters, Seals; Tempering, etc., Prohibitions

  • 11.7.1 Meters shall be sealed by the Authority and no person except an authorized employee of the Authority shall break such seals. No unauthorized person shall change the location of, alter or interfere in any way with any meter.

12. Connections

12.1 Water Connections

Water Connections shall not be made unless the water main extends across the total frontage of a lot to be served or across the total frontage of the lot facing one street in the case of a corner lot.

12.2 Tapping Mains; Applications, Requisites

  • 12.2.1 All taps shall be made after proper application for service by consumers or their authorized agents.
  • 12.2.2 All connections to the System shall be made by a state licensed contractor with the proper tools and equipment for performing connections to the System's mains. All taps and connections to the Water Main shall be installed at the main.
  • 12.2.3 Location. Before an owner, user, or contractor install a water service pipe, he shall obtain from the Authority the location for making or connection of the water service. The terminus of the water service pipe shall be located such that the water service pipe is installed to the water main in a straight line perpendicular to the main, and there are no obstructions such as driveways, manholes, trees, fire hydrants, or any other obstacles.
  • 12.2.4 Single corporation stops, or pipe saddles, will be used to supply services or private mains.
    • Connection of services up to one and one-fourth inch (1-1/4") to the Authority main shall be through a corporation stop with branch connections making an angle of forty-five (45) degrees to the water main service proper.
    • On one and one-half inch (1-1/2") and two inch (2") services, a saddle will be required.
    • On approved three inch (3") services, a four inch (4") connection at the main and a four (4") valve shall be required. Approved services four inches (4") and over shall have the same size connection as the service.
  • 12.2.5 No permittee shall turn water off or on at the corporation or stop cock to any service pipe, except to make repairs and test work, after which he shall leave it off or on as he found it. No unauthorized person shall turn the water off or on at the corporation or stop cock.
  • 12.2.6 Pipe from the main to the curb stop shall be a minimum grade Type K soft temper copper not less than 3/4" in diameter.
  • 12.2.7 All holes or trenches dug in the public streets or roads shall be backfilled to a minimum of 95% density by thoroughly tamping dry sand in layers not to exceed 6". All excavated material shall be entirely removed from the street. Excavated material that is wet, or otherwise unfit for backfill, shall be entirely removed and the backfilling done with suitable dry sand hauled in for that purpose.
    • Tunneling under streets will be prohibited except by special permission of the Livingston County Road Commission and the Authority Director. Open cuts shall be allowed in graveled streets with prior Road Commission approval.
    • Connections under hard surfaced paving shall be made only by boring or jetting with the prior approval of the Livingston County Road Commission and the Authority Director.

12.3 Service Control Valves, and Curb Boxes

  • 12.3.1 Location. The customer will provide and install a shut off valve in the form of a service cock and curb box one foot outside of the outer sidewalk line, or as near the road right-of-way line as may be convenient.
  • 12.3.2 An approved type round way, inverted core, Minneapolis pattern, tee head curb stop of good bronze material shall be installed on all three-fourths inch (3/4"), one inch (1"), one and one-half inch (1-1/2"), and two inch (2") service lines at a point as near the road right-of-way line as practical and permissible.
  • 12.3.3 Valves of non-rising stem gate valves or plug type valves may be used for the larger size connections. They shall be of approved standard manufacture, and housed in an approved type service or roadway valve boxes.
  • 12.3.4 A cast iron extension curb box of an approved pattern shall be centered over the curb stop so that it is readily accessible for turning on and off by Authority representatives. Curb stop boxes shall be Buffalo type, with 2½" shaft, 4½ foot to 6 foot long, in two sections with a lid. The top of the stop box shall be so placed that it is never below the grade nor over three inches above grade and must be set on a brick or concrete foundation to prevent settlement.
  • 12.3.5 No person is permitted to turn water on or off the curb stop except for the testing his work, in which event the curb stop shall be left in the same condition and position as he found it.

12.4 Water Service Pipe; Installation, Requirements

  • 12.4.1 Water Service Connections shall be installed in accordance with State and local building regulations. Water Service connections shall also be installed in compliance with the following specifications;
  • 12.4.2 The connection of the Type K copper service pipe to the corporation stop shall be made by using an approved adapter fitting.
  • 12.4.3 Water connections and water service pipes shall be installed in a separate trench from the sewer service. The water service pipe may not be placed in the same trench with the building drain. The water service pipe and the building sewer must be ten feet (10') apart.
  • 12.4.4 All Water Service Pipe on either private or public property shall be laid on a solid bottom not less than four and one-half feet (4 ½') under ground or below the established grade.
  • 12.4.5 The consumer shall continue the water service pipe connection from the valve at the sidewalk line to the riser pipe and valve inside the building entirely at his expense.
  • 12.4.6 The service line from the main to the premises shall have an inside diameter no smaller in diameter than three-fourths inch (3/4"). All service pipes of two inches (2") or less, in diameter shall be of U.S. Government specification Type K copper tubing; other service pipe materials must be approved by AWWA. Those over two inches (2") in diameters may be of ductile iron.
  • 12.4.7 The water service pipe shall be laid to provide for earth settlement and for contraction and expansion through arching or bending to form an expansion loop in the form of a half "S" bend, and shall contain at least six inches (6") of excess material to provide for settlement and flexibility.
  • 12.4.8 There shall be no joints between the curb stop and the meter unless commercial lengths are not available to allow for this provision (say, because of excessive building setbacks). Only three-part flared unions shall be used for connections in copper pipes and all other types of flared unions are prohibited.
  • 12.4.9 Plugged tees, or other accessible outlets between the meter and the main are prohibited. No Connections or outlets shall be made on this line other than for sprinkler heads or fire fittings. It shall be unlawful for the customer, or any employee or agent of the customer, to make any connections on or use said sprinkler system for any other purpose or purposes than for fire protection; and any other use thereof shall be and constitute a violation of this ordinance.
  • 12.4.10 Any repairs to any water service pipe shall be made at the expense of the owner whose premises are served by the water service pipe.

12.5 Completion of Work; Inspection Required

  • 12.5.1. Upon completion of any new service pipe installation or repairs, it shall be the duty of the permittee to obtain approval by the Livingston County Plumbing Inspector or his designate before covering same.
  • 12.5.2. The service trench shall not be covered, backfilled, or floored until the tap has been completed and the Livingston County Plumbing Inspector or his designate has approved the installation. Clean earth or sand shall be carefully tamped every two feet (2') above the top of the service line. This material shall be carefully and solidly rammed with proper tools. The use of clay for such purpose is prohibited.
  • 12.5.3. If any building drainage or plumbing system or part thereof which is installed, altered or repaired, is covered, it shall be uncovered for inspection after notice to the plumber, contractor, owner, or other person to uncover the work has been issued either by the Authority or the Livingston County Plumbing Inspector.
  • 12.5.4. A separate gate valve and waste cock, must be placed on the water service pipe just inside the building wall so that the water may be turned off and drained from the pipe in the event of accident or in order to make repairs. Such stop shall be equal in quality to the curb stop.

12.6 Repair

  • 12.6.1. Water Service Pipe from main to curb stop, the curb stop, and all water service pipe from the property line to the meter shall be the responsibility of the owner of the premises.
  • 12.6.2. Any plumber called upon to shut off water and drain pipes in any premise shall do so inside the building only.
  • 12.6.3. Damage to Pipes and Meter. Persons taking water must keep their service pipe and their meter protected from frost and hot water at their own expense. Where the service pipe or meter is damaged by frost or hot water, the service pipe shall be repaired by a licensed plumber, to be employed and paid by the customer. The water meter shall be repaired by the customer.

13. Hydrants and Use


All water mains on private property, 6" or larger with fire hydrants, shall be installed at the property owner's expense and shall be conveyed to the Authority by the property owner, and at his expense the property owner shall provide a recorded easement sufficient for maintenance and repair of the same.


No person shall open an Authority owned fire hydrant without the express permission of the Director, excepting a municipal fire department, who may at any time open a fire hydrant for the purpose of obtaining water for extinguishment of fires.

14. Cross-Connections Rules Adopted

14.1 Cross Connection; Prohibition

  • 14.1.1. Cross connections shall be prohibited. It shall be Unlawful for any person to make, permit to be made, or permit to exist, any cross connection on any lot or parcel of land owned or occupied by him.
  • 14.1.2. The Authority adopts by reference the Water Supply Cross Connection rules of the Michigan Code of Public Health being R325.11401 to R325.11407 of the Michigan Administrative Code's amended and modified.

14.2 Inspections

That it shall be the duty of the Authority to cause inspections to be made of all properties served by the public water supply where a cross connection with the public water supply is deemed probable. The frequency of inspections and re-inspections based on potential health hazards involved shall be established by the Authority. The cost of inspection as determined by the Authority shall be borne and paid by the property owner upon which the inspection takes place.

14.3 Entry Rights

That the Director, or his designee shall have the right to enter at any reasonable time any property served by a connection to the public water supply of the Authority, for the purposes of inspecting the piping system or systems thereof for cross connections. On request the owner, lessees, or occupants of any property so served shall furnish to the inspection agency any pertinent information regarding the piping system or systems on such property. The refusal of such information or refusal of access, when requested, shall be deemed prima facie evidence of the presence of cross connections.

14.4 Cross Connection Shutoff

Where contamination of any water main is an immediate possibility or where contamination of any main occurs and a cross-connection, is found, the Authority may order the water to be immediately shut off without giving notice to the owner or occupant of land as prescribed herein.

14.5 Correction Required

Water service to such property shall not be restored until the cross connection(s) have been eliminated in compliance with the provisions of the ordinance.

14.6 Protection and Notification

That the potable water supply made available on the properties served by the Water Supply System shall be protected from possible contamination as specified by this ordinance and by the State and County Plumbing Code as adopted, amended and modified by Livingston County and the State of Michigan. Any water outlet which could be used for potable or domestic purposes and which is not supplied by the potable system must be labeled in a conspicuous manner as:

**************************** *WATER UNSAFE FOR DRINKING * ****************************

14.7 Supplemental

That this ordinance does not supersede any State of Michigan or Livingston County Plumbing Code or ordinance, and it shall be supplementary to such other lawful regulations as may from time to time be adopted.


The Authority is authorized and directed to take such other precautionary measures as may be deemed necessary to eliminate any danger of contamination of the water system. Water service to the land in question shall not be restored until either the cross-connection has been eliminated, or evidence furnished and access permitted to enable the Authority to determine that no cross-connection prohibited by this Chapter exists.

15. Severability


If any section, paragraph, clause or provision of this Ordinance shall be held invalid, the invalidity of such section, paragraph, clause or provision shall not affect any of the other provisions of this Ordinance.

16. Conflicts or Repealer

16.1 Conflicts

All ordinances, or parts thereof, in conflict with the provisions of this ordinance are, to the extent of such conflict, hereby repealed.

16.2 Repealer

If part or parts of this ordinance are for any reason held to be invalid or unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity or constitutionality of remaining portion of this ordinance.

17. Publication

This ordinance shall be published once in full, in a newspaper of general circulation or a summary thereof within the boundaries of the Authority, promptly after its adoption, and the same shall be recorded in the Ordinance Book of the Authority Secretary and filed with the County Clerk, and such recording authenticated by the signatures of the Authority Chairman and Authority Secretary.

18. Effective Date

This ordinance shall become effective upon publication. Adopted at a Regular session of the Authority Board for the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority On ________________________________________.

Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority

Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority

19. Certifications


I, EVELYN CORNELL, Secretary of the Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority, hereby certify that the foregoing is a true, correct, and complete copy of Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority Water Use and Rate Ordinance adopted by Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority at a regular meeting held on the _____________________________ and that public notice of said meeting was given according to the requirements of law, as made and provided.

Genoa-Oceola Sewer & Water Authority